According to a United Nations report, India is already one of the most successful countries out of poverty in the world.
The report states that in the ten years between 2005-06 and 2015-16, 271 million people in India have emerged from the so-called “multidimensional poverty.”
The 2019 Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) published by the United Nations Development Programme is reflected in the fact that multidimensional poverty depends not only on income, but also on a range of factors, including poor health, lack of clean water, poor quality of work and the threat of violence.
The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) replaces the previous Human Poverty Index and is considered a useful tool for correctly identifying the most vulnerable countries. It uses ten indicators related to health, education, and standard of living to calculate a person’s standard of living.
The MPI found that India has significantly reduced its poverty rate from 55% to 28% within a decade, and particularly in terms of “assets, cooking fuels, health and nutrition”, India has shown a strong improvement.
Indian citizens’ electricity consumption has improved, with the proportion of people without electricity reduced from 9.1% to 8.6%.
Over the past decade, the proportion of Indians without a roof has fallen from 44.9% to 23.6%.
The UN report states that Jharkhand in eastern India is the fastest region to reduce multidimensional poverty, from 74.9% in 2005-06 to 46.5% in 2015-16.
However, India remains one of the poorest countries. In the 101 countries studied by the United Nations-31 low-income countries, 68 middle-income countries and 2 high-income countries-1.3 billion people have been found to be “multidimensional poverty” “.
According to the report, sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia have the highest proportion of the poor, accounting for about 84.5%; children are most affected, and more than half of these 1.3 billion people are identified as the poor under 18.
Pedro Concio, director of the UNDP Office of Human Development Report, said the report provided a more comprehensive picture of poverty and identified areas for improvement.
“The report points out where policies are in place to address the extent to which people are exploited, whether it is education, health, or otherwise. If these investments can lift people out of poverty, it’s worth it.”