Having a pet means that at some point it can cause harm to third parties. If it is a dog and it is classified as potentially dangerous, you need a license to have it. Do you want to know what requirements you must meet to obtain it?

The last week showed me some videos of a new friend who has missed one of my nephews. It is a puppy dog, of which I do not remember the breed but it does have a pedigree, and of which they tell me that it does not need PPP (Potentially Dangerous Dog) dog insurance.

At first, I was reassured to know that his breed is not classified as a potentially dangerous dog. But I must admit that I was disturbed to learn that when he grows up, he could be considered dangerous due to his characteristics.

A couple of days ago I was reading this headline in the newspaper 20 minutes: A loose pit bull without a muzzle bites a 19-month-old boy and the owner of the animal flees the place. We often see news related to attacks on people whose protagonists are potentially dangerous dogs.

In one of the last published posts, I spoke to you about the coverage of family civil responsibility for the possession of pets and its limitations. One of them is that certain breeds need to have their own PPP dog insurance.

I imagine that you have already discovered what this article is about. Exact of potentially dangerous dogs and the obligations of their owner.

What are potentially dangerous dogs?

Potentially dangerous dogs are those corresponding to these breeds and their possible crosses:

  • Pitbull terrier
  • Staffordshire Bull Terrier
  • American Staffordshire Terrier
  • Rottweiler
  • Argentine Dogo
  • Fila Brasileiro
  • Tosa Inu
  • Akita Inu

But in addition, the law considers potentially dangerous those dogs that have been a trainer for the attack. Also, those that have a marked aggressive character, who has been the object of a complaint for a said circumstance or for having carried out attacks on people or attacks on other animals.

Any dog ​​can become dangerous. Like any pet, dogs must be trained and educated to avoid possible behavioral and aggressive problems.

Other traits of the animal such as a powerful and robust appearance, agility, vigor or resistance, a voluminous head, with large and strong jaws or reaching a height of between 50 and 70 cm or a thoracic perimeter of between 60 and 80 cm or weight greater than the 20 kg, can include your dog among the PPP.

In addition to these details, each autonomous community has included its own races. Thus, for example, the Doberman is considered a PPP in the communities of Andalusia, Cantabria, Catalonia, Galicia, or Extremadura. These last four also share other breeds such as the Bullmastiff, Dogo de Bordeaux, or Presa Canario.

What requirements do you need to adopt a potentially dangerous dog?

To be able to adopt a potentially dangerous dog you need to have an administrative license that you have to obtain from your Town Hall. But for it to be issued you must meet a series of requirements:

  • Be of age.
  • Not having been convicted of crimes of homicide, injury, torture, against freedom or against moral integrity, sexual freedom, and public health. Nor may you have been associated with an armed gang or drug trafficking, or deprived by judicial resolution of the right to keep potentially dangerous animals.
  • Not having been penalized for serious or very serious infractions
  • Obtain a certificate of psychological and physical fitness.
  • Have an official veterinary certificate of the dog that confirms that it does not have any contagious disease, that it is correctly vaccinated and dewormed. And most importantly, it shows no signs of aggression.
  • Show that they have entered into an insurance liability for damage to third parties. The coverage may not be less than 120,000 dollars.

This license is valid for 5 years after which you have to renew it, having to comply with all the previous points.

What rules must a potentially dangerous dog meet?

A PPP dog, unlike those that are not considered dangerous, must comply with a series of rules. These are some of the security measures established by law:

Identify the pet and register it in the Register of Potentially Dangerous Animals of the municipality of residence of the owner. You are obliged to communicate the personal data and place of residence of the person who cares for and is responsible for the animal. If you change your residence for a period of more than 3 months, you must register it again in the corresponding autonomous community.

The abduction or theft of the animal must be reported within 48 hours after it is known. It must also be done when it is transmitted or dies, an act with which the registration sheet is closed.

When the PPP dog is in public spaces you must have the license and the inscription in the special registry at hand. In addition, you must adopt a series of measures, such as:

  • The use of an approved muzzle and appropriate to their morphology.
  • Always be tied with a strap or chain, it cannot be extendable and have a length greater than 2 meters. In Andalusia, for example, the length is limited to one meter and minors are prohibited from passing through places of leisure and recreation.
  • You will not be able to walk two or more potentially dangerous dogs at the same time.
  • It is prohibited for an animal considered potentially dangerous to be unleashed or outside a closed area, although it is private property.

Failure to comply with these rules can lead to penalties that can range from 150 dollars for a minor infraction, up to 15,000 dollars for those considered very serious. Among the latter is abandoning it, selling or transmitting without a license, not having a license, or training it to activate its aggressiveness.

PPP dog insurance, when is it necessary and why?

Having a pet, be it a dog or another animal means that it may cause harm to third parties. Therefore, it is advisable to have civil liability insurance that covers these damages. The normal thing is to have this coverage included within the family civil responsibility of the home insurance. Sometimes it is insufficient or simply the law requires you to take out specific insurance.

Before I told you that to obtain the license to have a PPP it is necessary to prove that you have subscribed to a civil liability insurance to cover material and personal damage caused to third parties. Therefore, PPP dog insurance becomes compulsory insurance. And as with other mandatory insurance, it must meet a series of requirements, including guaranteeing a minimum capital.

In addition to civil liability and legal defense, PPP dog insurance has other coverage that you can purchase additionally. These include specialized telephone assistance or veterinary assistance. You can also contract the collection of compensation if the animal is accidentally killed or stolen. In case of loss or misplacement, advertising or reward expenses for its location.


Having a pet comes at a cost. And if it is a PPP dog, the budget increases considerably. To be granted the license you have to go through the cash register to obtain the certificate of psychological and physical fitness. You will also have to pay for the veterinary certificate that proves that the animal is not sick. And finally, you will have to pay around 60 dollars for basic PPP dog insurance. If you want more coverage, you can pay double this amount.

It is proven that the most decisive factor for a dog to be emotionally stable is good learning and not the breed. But you may have noticed that the demands between one place of residence and another may vary. This leads to some questions that, once again, demonstrate the inequality suffered by the citizen according to the community he belongs to.

How can it be that a dog can be considered potentially dangerous in one area, with the detriment that it entails for him and his owner and the neighboring area is not?


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