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Life insurance, private pension and investments: do not confuse these products

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Life insurance, private pension and investments

They are important in financial planning, and their differences make them complementary

The Americans have increasingly understood the different products aimed at financial planning and its purposes, but there is still some confusion, for example, in the case of individual life insurance and private pension. Both are often seen as products that compete for the same space in financial planning, but in reality, they should be seen as complementary tools.

Both life insurance and private pension plans look to the long term, however, the similarities end there. Each has specific functions and benefits. The pension products aim at retirement, allow the choice between progressive or regressive tax regimes, and the reduction of the tax base by up to 12% – when the Income Tax (IR) is declared in full and contributions are made in the PGBL.

In addition, they use specially constituted investment funds, which do not incur quota-sharing, a semiannual collection of income tax expected in most conventional investment funds and which reduces profitability in the long run.

Individual life insurance, even the so-called redeemable ones, aims to protect the financial condition of the beneficiaries in the event of the insured’s early and unexpected absence, or the financial condition of the client himself, in situations that can transform his life, such as disability accident, serious illness, and even hospital admissions. Therefore, they are not and should not be confused with investment or social security.

Because of these characteristics, many experts recommend that people consider life insurance, pension plans, and investments as complementary products in their financial planning. Investment funds, therefore, are aimed at accumulating equity; private pension aims at a more comfortable retirement; Life insurance, in turn, is essential for succession purposes or to help the insured himself and his family to deal with possible problems along the way, such as early absences, serious illnesses, hospitalizations, or disability.

The amount accumulated in the funds of the pension products, through the contributions made and the profitability earned, will define retirement income, with no guarantee of value.

The indemnity of life insurance does not depend on the amount of installments paid or profitability, since, immediately after the policy is issued, protection considers the full amount contracted.

For example, even if the customer has only paid a portion of the insurance contract when a claim occurs, the beneficiary may receive the full amount contracted. That is, the product does not depend on accumulation and, after the first payment, the insured is already covered.

How does redeemable insurance work?

The redeemable insurance has a specific characteristic: it allows the insured to redeem an amount when necessary. However, when requesting the receipt of part of this amount, the protection amount is reduced, and, in cases where the entire available amount is accessed, the policy is automatically canceled.

This particularity of redeemable life insurance aims to give more flexibility to the insured, and should not be confused with the return of installments paid, profitability, or financial gains.

When hiring life insurance, it is important to provide all the health information requested in a complete and correct manner, in addition to carefully reading the general, special conditions, and terms of the policy to know the situations covered.

insurance or pension

A benefit for succession planning found in pension plans and life insurance is the fact that the death indemnity is exempt from income tax and the possibility to choose beneficiaries other than the legal heirs.

However, an exclusive benefit of life insurance is that it is not considered an inheritance; therefore, it is not subject to the Tax on Transmission Cause Mortis and Donation, called by many an inheritance tax. As the inventory process involves costs for the heirs, and, in many cases, can consume 15% to 20% of the total amount involved, it is normal to take out life insurance to cover these expenses and ensure the financial stability of the family during its resolution.

How long does the insurer pay a life insurance claim?

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How long does the insurer pay a life insurance claim?

The regulatory agency establishes a maximum payment period of 30 days after receiving the documentation, but insurers can pay much earlier

An inventory process can drag on for months and even years until the heirs are able to receive the inheritance to which they are entitled, and this has made it increasingly common to look for solutions that speed up the receipt of values ​​with much less bureaucracy.

This search for liquidity has been fulfilled by individual life insurance, as it does not qualify as an inheritance in the inventory processes. Thus, the payment of the indemnity must be made within a maximum of 30 days after the insurer receives all the necessary documents.

In practice, insurers can pay well before 30 days – in several cases, the insurer’s payment to policy beneficiaries takes up to five business days.

It is important to remember, however, that the term only begins to count after the delivery of all documentation provided by the insurer.

The first step when making the claim is to inform the insurer in writing as soon as an event occurs that qualifies for the benefit. This step can be done by the insured or by the beneficiaries, depending on the situation.

Then, it is necessary to prove the occurrence of the fact that generated the right to benefit and all related circumstances.

For this reason, insurers usually require some documents before making payment, such as, in cases involving death, the death certificate of the insured, the identity document of the insured and the beneficiaries, a document signed and stamped by a doctor describing the occurrence of the claim and relevant medical history, among others.

The deadline is the same for accidental disability and serious illness payments. What can change, however, are the documents required by the insurer. In cases of serious illness, for example, it is necessary to provide copies of tests that prove the insured person’s special conditions.

Therefore, to expedite the receipt of the benefit, it is important to carefully read the general conditions for delivering all the necessary documents on each occasion.

Prior risk analysis

Another differential offered by some insurance companies, mainly independent ones, is the prior risk analysis. This is a step in contracting the policy that may involve carrying out various health tests, usually paid for by the insurer itself.

With the prior analysis process, it is possible to expedite the payment of the benefit more quickly and provide peace of mind for the client or its beneficiaries. This is because the insurer already has the data of the insured, since it has health information provided – that is, respecting the general conditions of the insurance, the insurance will be paid.

It is worth mentioning that, regardless of previous examinations, it is essential that policyholders complete the health questionnaire sincerely, without omitting any information, so that there is no problem in paying the benefit and it is carried out more quickly.

The importance of life insurance in the fight against breast cancer

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The importance of life insurance in the fight against breast cancer

Life insurance brings specific coverages that help people in life.

After skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common. There are 60 cases per 100,000, according to the National Cancer Institute, and most women are diagnosed at an early stage. But, even when starting treatment as soon as the disease is discovered, only 30% of patients do not develop metastasis – when cancer cells spread throughout the body -, according to a survey conducted by the pharmaceutical company Pfizer.

In the fight against cancer, such as breast cancer, life insurance can play an essential role. Currently, there are individual insurances that offer policies specifically aimed at serious illnesses, in which the insured receives the benefit while still alive and can use the money in any way he wishes.

It is important to remember that the diagnosis of a serious illness can impact the financial life of the insured and their family members – especially considering that many women are responsible for supporting the home.

Studies show that cancer tends to increase from now on. The Ministry of Health estimates that about 600 thousand new cases of the disease will be registered later this year. Per year, 87 thousand of the total deaths (225 thousand) caused by the disease are of economically active people (between 15 and 65 years old), points out the movement All Together Against Cancer.

For example, cancer is the main reason for claiming benefits. From January 2014 to June this year, more than 1,300 claims related to the disease were recorded, which represents 36.7% of the total. Second, infarction appears in 4.9% of cases, followed by an accident at work, with 4.6% of cases.

“Women are increasingly looking for life insurance options and the insurance market has been following this trend, establishing important benefits for this public”, explains Alessandra Bussab.

According to her, life insurance is related to the protection of women and their families. “Any adversity that happens in this path of building wealth can cause the person to consume the money he saved”, he says.

Online life insurance: we uncover myths of this type of insurance

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Online life insurance

This type of insurance contract is an economical and quick option for those who want to protect themselves, but do not have much time

Those who understand the importance of being protected in case of unforeseen circumstances do not hesitate when looking for alternatives for this. And life insurance with online contracting offers the facility needed to enjoy life without worrying about eventualities.

This type of contract is a quick option for those who want to protect themselves, but do not have much time to go from insurer to insurer to make quotes, and are already in the habit of shopping over the internet.

If you also see an advantage in taking out life insurance online, check out the main myths on this subject.

Myth 1: purchasing insurance online is unreliable

This myth is directly linked to the scams we see on the internet today. The purchase tip is the same for any other product: be wary of very low prices and inaccurate information and choose companies with a name in the market and years of experience.

Few insurers and brokers have online contracts. Before companies in the insurance industry make this service available on the Internet, a whole study of information development and security is done. So, it is possible to make the quotation on the computer screen safely.

Myth 2: the broker must be in the same city of residence

Insurer support can be offered at any time and day. Today there are different types of service and sales channels that facilitate people’s daily lives, such as telephone, online chat, e-mail, Whatsapp, among others.

In any of these channels, life insurance specialists will be available to assist you and answer any questions about the life insurance coverage of your interest.

Myth 3: support in the physical space is better

The capital value is chosen by the insured person. Of course, there are some limitations to this, such as monthly income, age, type of coverage contracted, sex, profession, and health status.

What the insurer does is assess the risk. The higher the risk, the higher the monthly fee and this also influences the capital value.

Did you understand a little more about online life insurance? Many people pass on unsubstantiated information and end up spreading false news. So that you don’t fall into myths like these, our tip is to always seek clarification on the subject.

Life insurance coverage ensures peace of mind for coping with serious illnesses

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Life insurance

Cash indemnity allows the insured to use the funds for additional therapies or to compose income.

No one is free from unforeseen circumstances, regardless of age, sex, or economic status. However, there are behaviors that increase the likelihood that a person will be affected by a serious illness or a traffic accident, which compromises the ability to work.

The number of people concerned about health is increasing, but statistics still point a long way towards a healthier life. Various illnesses impose temporary or permanent leave from work, just as traffic accidents leave thousands of young people, in particular, with permanent sequelae.

In this scenario, changing the lifestyle and, in parallel, adopting protection instruments for unforeseen events is essential. There are insurances that include this type of coverage.

Data from the Ministry of Health indicate that, in the USA, an average of 300 thousand people suffer acute myocardial infarction per year. New cases of cancer in 2018, according to the National Cancer Institute, surpassed 500 thousand. Even if you have a health plan, you may need an additional resource for treatment because not everything is covered.

The Serious Diseases insurance, for example, indemnifies the insured person in cash who can use the resources for additional therapies or compose the income.

Serious Diseases insurance indemnifies policyholders for various types of cancer, Alzheimer’s, stroke, and heart attack. The prevalence of these diseases, whether due to an aging population or inadequate habits, has been growing. “Cancer is a multifactorial disease, with an important weight for genetics and family history, but it is also associated with unhealthy lifestyle habits”, comments Ricardo. Obesity, for example, by raising the level of hormones in the body, increases the risks of breast and endometrial cancer.

Smoking, in addition to being associated with lung cancer, also causes neoplasms in the bladder and digestive tract. “The fact is that poor diet, physical inactivity and stress expose the person to various diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and diabetes”, adds Caponero.

Accidents leave thousands of young people with sequelae.

Common sense associates the need for life insurance for older people and dependents, but the product is also important for young people. In addition to diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases also affecting this population, it is the most affected by traffic accidents with temporary or permanent sequelae.

Last year, according to data from the DPVAT, 224 thousand people were left with some kind of permanent disability due to traffic accidents. The most affected age group is 18 to 34 years. There is a wide range of life insurance options, with simplified coverage to suit the younger population. And with the advantage of lower prices, due to the age of the insured.

For accidents or temporary illnesses, life insurance with Temporary Disability Daily (DIT) coverage guarantees the payment of an income in the form of a daily rate while away from work, within the contracted limits. If the insured person dies, the product indemnifies the beneficiaries, who do not need to be children or spouses but can be a father, mother, or anyone mentioned in the policy.

Life insurance is part of household financial planning

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Life insurance is part of household financial planning

Indemnities in cases of disability or absence from work allow financial stability for policyholders

Planning is essential for an organized and prosperous financial life. Having projects to qualify, raise income, and look for opportunities in the market is as important as preventing budget breakdowns caused by unforeseen circumstances. For young people, 30 to 45 years old, with heritage in formation, small children, or who are preparing to have them, buying life insurance with wide coverage is even more relevant and should be part of the financial planning. It is an investment for the well-being of the family and it still protects the pocket.

Buying life insurance needs to be understood as a preventive measure and with benefits in the short, medium, and long term. There are life insurances that guarantee not only the indemnity in case of death of the holder, as well as an income in case of absence from work or even residential and automotive assistance, if necessary.

The range of services offered in the Personal Care Assistance package is broad. Practically all those surprises in the residence that appear at the worst time are covered. There are locksmith, plumber, electrician, glazier, and tile replacement services, always limited in times per year and a ceiling value. Other possibilities for using the insurance include pet custody, baby sitter or nursery, early return, and tow vehicle.

As taking care of health today to reap fruits in the future is also a necessity, the insured has access to nutritional support from specialists, with personalized programs, and discounts on medications ranging from 15% to 60% of the value.

In addition to the indemnity in case of death and the guarantee against unforeseen circumstances at the residence, the third line of coverage is added, which indemnifies in case of disease diagnosis. Leave from work due to total or partial disability, permanent or temporary, is covered by life insurance.

In the case of serious illnesses such as cancer, stroke, Alzheimer’s, and heart attack – which are increasingly common due to the aging of the population and inadequate living habits – the insured receives a cash value that can be used freely.

Many of the necessary care as complementary therapies and caregivers are not included in the list of mandatory procedures in health plans. The broader coverage of life insurance is, therefore, in addition to being an instrument to ensure peace of mind for the whole family, an investment that can save important resources and protect the budget.

Life insurance: service doesn’t just cover death and it’s simpler than it looks

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Life insurance

Life insurance, differently from what many think, is not only intended to indemnify the family in cases of death of the contractor. Over time, the product has become more sophisticated, adding different covers to be used in life and which ensure greater tranquility and comfort in situations such as illnesses, personal accidents, or loss of income. With this, the product becomes interesting not only for married people or children but also for young people and professionals, subject to a series of unforeseen events. The choice of the best product depends on the knowledge of the real needs of the contractor. Knowing a little about “insurers”, those terms that are in the contract and often confuse also helps.

“For this reason, the need for brokers to act as consultants, find the best alternative for that client and provide all the support for him to make a secure contract,” explains Dayana. “Life insurance is the best way to protect the family and the person because unforeseen events occur, compromising work capacity and income”, he adds.

Life insurance covers, by definition, three social risks: death, disability, whether temporary, permanent, partial, or even total, and survival. The latter is linked to the need for resources to cover the loss of work capacity as a result of aging. Everyone is subject to these risks, to a greater or lesser extent depending on the occupation, age, and existence or concern for dependents.

There are several coverages in addition to the indemnity for death, such as Serious Diseases which guarantees resources in case of health problems such as cancer, stroke, and infarction, Temporary or Permanent Disability, Hospitalization (IHL) among others. In the specific case of the death indemnity, there are products that allow the choice of how the family will receive the resource: single capital or as monthly income.

Terms used in life insurance contracts may seem difficult, but they are not

The policy, for example, is nothing more than the closed document between the parties that defines the rights and duties of the insured and the insurer. It must contain the general, particular and special conditions of the contracts, in addition to setting coverages. Insured capital, on the other hand, is the financial importance of that contract, that is, the amount to be indemnified in case of some of the events provided for in the policy. These events, such as death, personal accident, illness, etc. they are called claims.

Another term that can be confusing is the deductible, better known in cases of insurance for theft or accidents such as vehicles. The deductible is also applicable for coverages such as hospital rates (IHL) or temporary disability rates (DIT). In this case, the deductible is charged in days. For example, in the DIT, the payment starts to take effect after the first 10 days of absence or, in the case of the hospital stay, it is paid only from the third day of hospitalization, but retroactively.

Finally, another jargon of the sector is the premium, which is not received but paid. It is nothing more than the amount the insured person pays to be entitled to that coverage.

Is it possible to use redeemable life insurance as a financial reserve?

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redeemable life insurance

Life insurance goes beyond death coverage: it all depends on the profile of the insured.

The mentality about insurance is still evolving. For a long time, the idea spread that the applied resource would only be useful for the family in the event of the death of the insured. However, there are insurances with life coverage and even redeemable insurance.

What is redeemable life insurance?

Redeemable life insurance consists of the merger of two products into one: life insurance and a financial reserve. In this sense, each insurer presents the insurance with its own characteristics, which must be researched by the interested party before making the contract.

What is the difference between redeemable insurance and normal insurance?

First, it is worth emphasizing that redeemable insurance has all the characteristics of traditional life insurance. In this modality, the objectives of life insurance are maintained, ensuring that the security and protection needed by the family are safeguarded.

The difference is that redeemable life insurance makes an application of the premium (monthly insurance amount) that you pay. Thus, it is like a capitalization bond with monthly investments. This nature of the application allows part of the amount to be redeemed later, after a certain grace period, enabling the use of life insurance by the contractor.

How to use redeemable insurance as a financial reserve?

Redeemable life insurance is purchased like any other. Once the policy is consolidated, part of the amount paid monthly is applied to a financial reserve.

However, there are some variations in hiring. It is possible to obtain a plan with a validity period for receiving the capital or to join lifetime protection, in which the customer defines when to redeem the value of the reservation.

In the second case, it may happen that the customer never requests redemption. With this, the plan will continue to be valid as traditional life insurance and the contractor will be able to continue with the tranquility of his protection and protection. On the other hand, it can be maintained only until a contingency situation arises or when coverage is no longer needed.

In both forms of acquisition, the insurance is extinguished as soon as the withdrawal of funds is made. The accumulated amount can be redeemed in part or in full, due to the conditions contracted and provided for in the policy. It is important to note that the redemption occurs at the initiative of the insured and not by the beneficiaries indicated.

So, redeemable life insurance is a mix between a family protection instrument and an investment for the insured. In addition, it can be obtained according to your prospects of redeeming the accumulated financial reserve.

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